Torrent is essentially a protocol that helps users to share their data with others over the internet within no time. A torrent works under the influence of peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing mechanism. Torrent is the one of internet element where you are able to enjoy all sorts of content for absolutely no price tag and there are millions of users out there who take advantage of this service. A torrent file normally comes with the extension .torrent but it does not contain the actual contents to be distributed. Each user in this network of downloaders is downloading a file and also sharing it with others by uploading a piece of it. One of the common misconceptions is that a torrent is a software or a virtual private network. Both these perceptions are wrong. As a user, you can upload, download, and share your data with your friends and colleagues. The data can comprise of anything; an ebook, a movie, a song, an application software, games, comics, etc.
- Peers: It is a generic term used for any client (user) that is involved in file sharing in a peer-to-peer (P2P) network.
- Swarms: A collection of peers that are sharing (downloading & uploading) the same torrent are called swarms.
- Tracker: Trackers are the servers which keep track of the seeds and leechers.
- Seeds: Seeds are people who have already downloaded the complete file and remain connected so that others can download from them.
- Leechers: Leeches are people who are still downloading the file. They are typically called peers because they remain logged in and share their files even after their own download finishes.
- Indexers: Web sites that compile torrents and provides information about torrents are called indexers. They also act as a forum where you can find, share, download, or request for torrent files.
Advantages of torrents:
- Central servers (i.e. the website where you upload the torrent, and the tracker) don’t have to share a lot of data. Both torrent files and peer lists are very small in size, hence these servers don’t cost that much to set up and maintain.
- Difficult to block — since no central server is involved in the actual distribution and sharing of the files, it is difficult to block given its distributed nature.
Torrent clients For transferring Data from one system to another
During this process, you do not have to move a single muscle as the torrent itself has all the necessary information where the bits and pieces of the ‘to be downloaded’ files are present on different computer systems.
Are Torrents Legal or Illegal
It depends on upon what you are downloading. While some sites offer only legitimate content whose copyright they hold or things that are in public domain, many offer pirated movies, music, songs, and books, etc. You should check with the law of your land to see what you are downloading is legal. The responsibility of downloading illegal files rests completely with you as the people who run websites hosting BitTorrents can easily get away in the maze of computers by claiming innocence.